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  • gretchenrubin 17:27:35 on 2017/09/07 Permalink
    Tags: , personality, , ,   

    Exciting: Scientific Research and Experiments Underway to Understand the Four Tendencies Better. 


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    When I talk to people about the Four Tendencies, one issue that often comes up  is, “Has your framework been scientifically validated?” People want to know about the research that supports the Four Tendencies.

    As I describe in my book The Four Tendencies, as part of my work on these personality profiles, I ran a study among a nationally representative sample, to examine a geographically dispersed group of U.S. adults with a mix of gender, age, and household income. I learned a lot from that study.

    I’m excited, too, to announce that a team of researchers has published a scientific article about using the Four Tendencies in health-care. This is particularly gratifying, because one of my main goals for writing the book was to help health-care providers find more effective ways of supporting patients in following their treatment plans.

    Why don’t people take their medication, do their exercises, manage their blood sugar, follow doctor’s orders — when it seems clear that they’d be healthier and happier if they did? I believe the Four Tendencies sheds a lot of light on this question of “adherence” — and how to solve it.

    Here’s the conclusion:

    “Increasing adherence to treatment is critical for improving outcomes and minimising healthcare resource waste. In general, several of the interventions available today are complex, resource intensive, expensive, and lack a firm focus on the patient. We need an effective method to target the specific interventions that provide the most benefit to individual patients, and it is crucial that this method be easy and inexpensive to administer, and widely applicable, as part of everyday practice. Rubin’s Four Tendencies model provides an opportunity to test such a targeted, patient-specific strategy. Such a tool is only useful if the interventions that are most effective for patients with a specific Rubin Tendency exist and can be implemented easily. In an environment with already stretched resources where the factors influencing adherence are complex and varied, the ability to tailor interventions to the patient is an important component of a wider problem.”

    Read the full article here.

    I asked Paul Lavender, who kicked off the process of getting this article written, about why he thought it was worth undertaking this research. He explained:

    I think this model makes a huge contribution to the topic of personality and treatment adherence.

    I’m generalizing somewhat, but it is fair to say that ‘personality’ is regarded as fairly unimportant in ensuring adherence. Why? Well, there are factors such as education, financial status, access to treatment, severity of disease, patient-doctor relationship, etc. that are shown to have a far greater impact than personality on adherence in well-controlled trials.

    So why does the Four Tendencies add something valuable? I would say three reasons:

    1. It does not focus on ‘personality’ as a whole, but on the most important aspect of personality from a treatment adherence perspective: typical response to expectations. To give a personal anecdote, my wife, my best friend and I have all taken a well-established personality test and got the same personality ‘type’ – even though this ‘type’ only comprises 5% of the population. So you would think we are pretty similar? Well, on the big issues, yes – but she is 100% ‘Questioner’, he is 100% ‘Rebel,’ and I’m 100% ‘Obliger,’ so if we ever had to take a course of treatment, we would be very different – and a detailed personality test did not pick that up.
    2. It does not postulate that a personality type is indicative of poor adherence, but that a Tendency is indicative of poor adherence only in a certain environment. To my mind, this is absolutely crucial, and to my knowledge unique to the Four Tendencies. Knowing someone’s Tendency (with the exception of ‘Upholder’) will not allow you to predict their level of treatment adherence. For example, Questioners may be non-adherent in an environment where they are given little information on their condition and treatment, but absolutely adherent in the opposite environment. Consider that patient-doctor relationship is a large predictor of non-adherence (but treated as a separate factor from ‘personality’). If we hypothesize that poor patient-doctor relationships are often a ‘misalignment’ of Tendencies between the patient and the doctor, then the Four Tendencies model has the potential to have a huge impact on treatment adherence. In short, the Four Tendencies model postulates that 80% of patients are more likely to be non-adherent in a particular treatment environment. It is relatively easy and inexpensive for health care practitioners to change the treatment environment.
    3. It is easy to understand. One problem with many psychological models is that they can only be understood by psychologists. Rubin’s Four Tendencies is simple to pick up for all health-care practitioners, from all disciplines.

    Research and experiments are also being done by Judson Brewer, MD PhD, is one of the leading minds in the field of habit change, addiction, and the “science of self-mastery.”  I recently did an interview with Dr. Brewer about how he’s using the Four Tendencies to help people have a better relationship to food and eating. Stay tuned for that transcript — I’ll post it soon.

    I’m very pleased to see the scientific community engage on the Four Tendencies — exciting to see other people grappling with the framework.

    The post Exciting: Scientific Research and Experiments Underway to Understand the Four Tendencies Better. appeared first on Gretchen Rubin.

     
  • gretchenrubin 20:02:00 on 2017/09/05 Permalink
    Tags: , , personality,   

    Are You a Fan of Myers-Briggs, StrengthsFinder, the “Big Five,” Enneagram, the Five Love Languages, or Other Personality Frameworks? 


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    Do you love a great personality framework? I sure do.

    I believe they can be a great tool for self-knowledge — they help to shine a spotlight on hidden patterns of behavior and thinking.

    If, like me, you’re fascinated by these kinds of frameworks, I think you’ll be intrigued by my Four Tendencies model — it  divides the world into Upholders, Questioners, Obligers, and Rebels. (Learn more and take the Quiz here.)

    People often ask me how my Four Tendencies framework corresponds to other frameworks — for instance, how it matches up with Myers-Briggs or the Big Five. I’ve even had several people suggest that the Four Tendencies correspond to the Four Houses of Hogwarts. (By the way, they don’t!)

    In my view, each framework has its own nuances and strengths, which are lost if we try to map one framework onto another. So I don’t try to say that “this” equals “that.”

    At the same time, it’s true that the Four Tendencies can be used alongside other frameworks, to provide deeper insights.

    For instance, perhaps you’ve found the StrengthsFinder model to be very illuminating. Thinking about your “strengths” alongside your “Tendency” can give you deeper insight into yourself.

    Or perhaps you’re reflecting on the results of the quiz you took to learn your score on the “Big Five.” Thinking about those results, in context of the Four Tendencies, can help you better to understand those findings.

    I have to say, one thing I like about my Four Tendencies framework is that it’s narrow. I think that some frameworks try to be too universal in their descriptions; they try to draw a picture of people’s entire personalities, and in my observation, people are too complicated for that exercise to work well.

    The Four Tendencies model explains just one narrow aspect of your personality. If we lined up fifty Obligers, they would look very different from each other — depending on how ambitious, considerate, intellectual, adventurous, aggressive, neurotic, introverted or extroverted, etc. they were — but as to how they respond to outer and inner expectations, they’d all respond the same way.

    Your “response to expectations” is a narrow aspect of your nature, true, but it turns out to be hugely significant in how the rest of your personality plays out in the world.

    At the same time, when using these frameworks, it’s important not to let these categories to become stifling; they’re not meant to box us in or limit our sense of possibility, but to point the way to helpful understanding or change.

    My own favorite personality framework is (no surprise) the one I created, but I love reading and thinking about all of them. If you’d like to learn more about other personality frameworks, I list some of my favorite books in the post, “Do You Love Personality Frameworks? These 10 Books Will Help You Understand Yourself.

    Some of the most popular include:

    1. The Five Love Languages: How to Express Heartfelt Commitment  by Gary Chapman. Argues that people speak different “love languages”: Words of Affirmation, Quality Time, Receiving Gifts, Acts of Service, and Physical Touch.

    2. Personality: What Makes You the Way You Are by Daniel Nettle. Discusses the “Big Five” personality model (extroversion, neuroticism, conscientiousness, agreeableness, openness) and includes a quiz for self-evaluation.

    3. The Wisdom of the Enneagram by Don Richard Riso and Ross Hudson. Divides people into nine categories: Reformer, Helper, Achiever, Individualist, Investigator, Loyalist, Enthusiast, Challenger, and Peacemaker.

    4. Gifts Differing: Understanding Personality Type by Isabella Briggs Meyers. Based on the theories of Carl Jung, argues that people fall into sixteen types, in different combinations of four pairs: Extroversion or Introversion; Sensing or Intuition; Thinking or Feeling; Judgment or Perception.

    4. Now, Discover Your Strengths by Marcus Buckingham; Strengths Finder 2.0 by Tom Rath. Discusses the thirty-four “strengths” and helps readers identify and take advantage their individual own strengths.

    5. The Four Tendencies by Gretchen Rubin. Of course, I have to add my own book to the list!

    One question that often arises is: How “scientific” is a particular framework? — what research supports it, has it been validated?

    This is a very important question, and I’m thrilled by the work that researchers have begun to provide a scientific examination of my own framework.

    At the same time, though, it seems to me that if a particular way of looking at the world illuminates something for you, that clarity has its own validity.

    Research in a lab is one way to understand human nature, but it’s not the only way.

    Has one of these frameworks been very helpful to you? What frameworks have I overlooked?

    The post Are You a Fan of Myers-Briggs, StrengthsFinder, the “Big Five,” Enneagram, the Five Love Languages, or Other Personality Frameworks? appeared first on Gretchen Rubin.

     
  • feedwordpress 19:18:55 on 2017/09/05 Permalink
    Tags: , , personality   

    Are You a Fan of Myers-Briggs, StrengthsFinder, the “Big Five,” Enneagram, the Five Love Languages, or Other Personality Frameworks? 


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    Do you love a great personality framework? I sure do.

    I believe they can be a great tool for self-knowledge — they help to shine a spotlight on hidden patterns of behavior and thinking.

    If, like me, you're fascinated by these kinds of frameworks, I think you’ll be intrigued by my Four Tendencies model -- it  divides the world into Upholders, Questioners, Obligers, and Rebels. (Learn more and take the Quiz here.)

    People often ask me how my Four Tendencies framework corresponds to other frameworks — for instance, how it matches up with Myers-Briggs or the Big Five. I've even had several people suggest that the Four Tendencies correspond to the Four Houses of Hogwarts. (By the way, they don't!)

    In my view, each framework has its own nuances and strengths, which are lost if we try to map one framework onto another. So I don’t try to say that "this" equals "that."

    At the same time, it's true that the Four Tendencies can be used alongside other frameworks, to provide deeper insights.

    For instance, perhaps you've found the StrengthsFinder model to be very illuminating. Thinking about your "strengths" alongside your "Tendency" can give you deeper insight into yourself.

    Or perhaps you're reflecting on the results of the quiz you took to learn your score on the "Big Five." Thinking about those results, in context of the Four Tendencies, can help you better to understand those findings.

    I have to say, one thing I like about my Four Tendencies framework is that it's narrow. I think that some frameworks try to be too universal in their descriptions; they try to draw a picture of people's entire personalities, and in my observation, people are too complicated for that exercise to work well.

    The Four Tendencies model explains just one narrow aspect of your personality. If we lined up fifty Obligers, they would look very different from each other -- depending on how ambitious, considerate, intellectual, adventurous, aggressive, neurotic, introverted or extroverted, etc. they were -- but as to how they respond to outer and inner expectations, they'd all respond the same way.

    Your "response to expectations" is a narrow aspect of your nature, true, but it turns out to be hugely significant in how the rest of your personality plays out in the world.

    At the same time, when using these frameworks, it’s important not to let these categories to become stifling; they’re not meant to box us in or limit our sense of possibility, but to point the way to helpful understanding or change.

    My own favorite personality framework is (no surprise) the one I created, but I love reading and thinking about all of them. If you'd like to learn more about other personality frameworks, I list some of my favorite books in the post, "Do You Love Personality Frameworks? These 10 Books Will Help You Understand Yourself."

    Some of the most popular include:

    1. The Five Love Languages: How to Express Heartfelt Commitment  by Gary Chapman. Argues that people speak different “love languages”: Words of Affirmation, Quality Time, Receiving Gifts, Acts of Service, and Physical Touch.

    2. Personality: What Makes You the Way You Are by Daniel Nettle. Discusses the "Big Five" personality model (extroversion, neuroticism, conscientiousness, agreeableness, openness) and includes a quiz for self-evaluation.

    3. The Wisdom of the Enneagram by Don Richard Riso and Ross Hudson. Divides people into nine categories: Reformer, Helper, Achiever, Individualist, Investigator, Loyalist, Enthusiast, Challenger, and Peacemaker.

    4. Gifts Differing: Understanding Personality Type by Isabella Briggs Meyers. Based on the theories of Carl Jung, argues that people fall into sixteen types, in different combinations of four pairs: Extroversion or Introversion; Sensing or Intuition; Thinking or Feeling; Judgment or Perception.

    4. Now, Discover Your Strengths by Marcus Buckingham; Strengths Finder 2.0 by Tom Rath. Discusses the thirty-four “strengths” and helps readers identify and take advantage their individual own strengths.

    5. The Four Tendencies by Gretchen Rubin. Of course, I have to add my own book to the list!

    One question that often arises is: How "scientific" is a particular framework? -- what research supports it, has it been validated?

    This is a very important question, and I'm thrilled by the work that researchers have begun to provide a scientific examination of my own framework.

    At the same time, though, it seems to me that if a particular way of looking at the world illuminates something for you, that clarity has its own validity.

    Research in a lab is one way to understand human nature, but it's not the only way.

    Has one of these frameworks been very helpful to you? What frameworks have I overlooked?

     
  • gretchenrubin 16:39:18 on 2017/03/08 Permalink
    Tags: , , , , personality, , , Quiet, , , , Susan Cain,   

    Podcast 107: Plan a Secret Date, a Conversation with “Quiet” Author Susan Cain, and Discover New Podcasts. 


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    Susan Cain

    It’s time for the next installment of Happier with Gretchen Rubin.

    Update: Elizabeth got great advice from listeners about how to organize her jewelry.

    Try This at Home: Our listener Kelly suggested “planning a secret date.”

    We mention the discussion we had way back in episode 3, about the “evil donut-bringer.”

    Happiness Hack: Listen to podcasts at 1.5x speed to get more listening done — or if it’s going too fast, you can slow it down. Not sure how to change your settings? Instructions here.

    Interview: The brilliant Susan Cain is the author of Quiet: the Power of Introverts in a World That Can’t Stop Talking and the founder of the “Quiet Revolution.” She also did a podcast series that focused on giving parents and teachers tools to help quiet kids.

    If you want to watch Susan’s super-popular TED talk, it’s here. More than sixteen million people have watched it.

    For her Try-This-at-Home, Susan’s suggestion ties back to the Strategies of Convenience and Pairing: she helped herself form the habit of writing by associating it with her love of sitting in cafes.

    Demerit: When I got a new laptop, instead of taking the time to work with it for a few minutes while I had an expert there to help me, I didn’t do it. And now everything on my screen is too small, and I don’t know how to fix it.

    Gold Star: Elizabeth gives a gold star to nature, because of all the rain recently in L.A.

    Bonus Gold Star for listeners, I’d be curious to hear: What are you doing when you listen to our podcast?

     

    As I mentioned, I have a coloring book coming out soon (!); you can check out The Happiness Project Mini Posters: 20 Hand-Lettered Quotes to Pull Out and Frame.

    If you want easy instructions about how to rate or review the podcast, look here. Remember, it really helps us if you do rate or review the podcast — it helps other listeners discover us.

    I do weekly live videos on my Facebook Page to continue the conversation from the podcast — usually on Tuesdays at 3:00 pm ET. To join the conversation, check the schedule.

    As always, thanks to our terrific sponsors

    Check out  Smith and Noble, the solution for beautiful window treatments. Go to smithandnoble.com/happier for 20% off window treatments and free in-home or on-phone design consultations and free professional measuring.

    Also check out ThirdLove, the lingerie brand that uses real women’s measurements to design better-fitting bras. Try one of their bestselling bras for free, for 30 days, by visiting ThirdLove.com/happier.

    Also check out Diane James Home. Buy gorgeous faux floral arrangements online. Go to DianeJamesHome.com, and enter promo code “happier” at check-out to get 15% off your entire order.

    We love hearing from listeners:

     

    To sign up for my free monthly newsletter, text me at 66866 and enter the word (surprise) “happier.“ Or click here.

    If you enjoyed the podcast, please tell your friends and give us a rating or review. Click here to tell your friends on Twitter.

    Listeners really respect the views of other listeners, so your response helps people find good material. (Not sure how to review? Instructions here; scroll to the bottom.)

    How to Subscribe

    If you’re like me (until recently) you’re intrigued by podcasts, but you don’t know how to listen or subscribe. It’s very easy, really. Really.  To listen to more than one episode, and to have it all in a handier way, on your phone or tablet, it’s better to subscribe. Really, it’s easy.

    Want to know what to expect from other episodes of the podcast, when you listen to the award-winning Happier with Gretchen Rubin?” We talk about how to build happier habits into everyday life, as we draw from cutting-edge science, ancient wisdom, lessons from pop culture—and our own experiences (and mistakes).  We’re sisters, so we don’t let each other get away with much!

    Want a new podcast to listen to, with the same vibe as Happier? The Onward Project is the family of podcasts that I’ve launched, for podcasts that are about “your life–made better.” The first shows are Side Hustle School and Radical Candor. Elizabeth’s show with her writing partner, Sarah Fain, will be Happier in Hollywood, so stay tuned for that.

    HAPPIER listening!

    The post Podcast 107: Plan a Secret Date, a Conversation with “Quiet” Author Susan Cain, and Discover New Podcasts. appeared first on Gretchen Rubin.

     
  • feedwordpress 09:30:47 on 2017/01/31 Permalink
    Tags: , , , , , design, , , , personality, principles, , , ,   

    Revealed! February Book Club: Keys to Good Design, a Personality Quiz, and High Fantasy. 


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    Because nothing boosts happiness more than a great book, each month, I suggest:

    — one outstanding book about happiness or habits

    — one outstanding work of children’s or young-adult literature–I have a crazy passion for kidlit

    — one eccentric pick–a widely admired and excellent book that I love, yes, but one that may not appeal to everyone

    Shop at IndieBound, BN.com, or Amazon (I’m an affiliate), or your favorite local bookstore. Or my favorite, visit the library!

    For all the books I choose, I love them; I’ve read most of them at least twice if not many times; and they’re widely admired.

    Bonus book this month: with Shea Olsen, my sister Elizabeth Craft has a new young-adult novel, Flower. The tag line? “She had a plan, then she met him.” Romance, temptation, secrets, college applications, celebrity...Check it out.

    Now, for the three book-club choices. Drumroll…

    A book about happiness, good habits, or human nature:

     

    The Enneagram Made Easy: Discover the 9 Types of People by Elizabeth Wagele

    On episode 99 of the Happier podcast, my sister Elizabeth and I discussed the “Try This at Home” of taking personality quizzes. The Enneagram isn’t a scientific way to understand personality, but many people find it to be an illuminating framework. To my mind, that’s the chief benefit of a personality quiz: whether it helps us glimpse into our own nature. Sometimes it’s hard to look directly in the mirror, and something like a personality quiz can help us see ourselves indirectly.

    Buy from IndieBound; BN.com; Amazon.

     

    An outstanding children’s book:

    The Fellowship of the Ring by J.R.R. Tolkien

    I was astonished to realize that I’ve never suggested the Tolkien books as my kidlit choice (though arguably they aren’t children’s books). These are towering classics of world literature. The Fellowship of the Ring is the first in a trilogy called “The Lord of the Rings,” and while The Hobbit isn’t part of the official trilogy, and is very different in tone, it’s quite related to the high fantasy epic that unfolds. These books are unlike anything else. Read the books even if you’ve seen the movies; as always, movies can’t capture so much that’s wonderful about books. For instance, one of my favorite characters, Tom Bombadil, doesn’t appear in the movies.

    Buy from IndieBound; BN.com; Amazon.

     

    An eccentric pick:

    The Pocket Universal Principles of Design: 150 Essential Tools for Architects, Artists, Designers, Developers, Engineers, Inventors, and Makers by William Lidwell.

    This is an absorbing, fascinating, accessible book. Each page has a very succinct description of a design principle, with a fascinating example on the facing page. I loved reading this book because it made me realize why certain designs in the world around me worked well — or didn’t work. It’s so fun to know about design principles like “Back-of-the-Dresser,” “Defensible Space,” “Figure-Ground,” and the “Dunning-Kruger Effect.” These may sound dry, but they’re fascinating.

    Buy from IndieBound; BN.com; Amazon.

     

    If you want to make sure you never miss a month’s selections, sign up here for the book club newsletter.

    Remember, if you want to see what I read each week, I post a photo of my pile of completed books on my Facebook Page every Sunday night, #GretchenRubinReads.

    I just went to the library a few days ago — my reading stack is huge. What book are you most excited to read next?

    The post Revealed! February Book Club: Keys to Good Design, a Personality Quiz, and High Fantasy. appeared first on Gretchen Rubin.

     
  • feedwordpress 18:48:04 on 2017/01/11 Permalink
    Tags: Big Five, , , , , , , , Newcastle, personality, , , , Quizzes, , relationship, , , , ,   

    Podcast 99: Take Personality Quizzes, Consider Your Email Habits, and Book Club Conflicts. 


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    It’s time for the next installment of  Happier with Gretchen Rubin.

    We’re having so much fun with our Instagram project. Every day, for the month of January, Elizabeth and I are posting a photo on Instagram of something that makes us happier (giving us a boost, helping us stick to good habits, reminding us to feel grateful, etc.).  Join in! Use the hashtag #Happier2017 and tag us — I’m @gretchenrubin and Elizabeth is @lizcraft.

    Try This at Home: Katie suggested taking personality quizzes to get to know yourself better. We agree!

    In episode 80, we talked about the “Five Love Languages” and why we found them so helpful. As a reminder, the Five Languages are:

    • Words of Affirmation — the love language for both Elizabeth and me
    • Quality Time
    • Receiving Gifts
    • Acts of Service
    • Physical Touch

     

    We discuss the fascinating book by Daniel Nettle, Personality: What Makes You the Way You Are. In it, you can take the Newcastle Personality Assessor that measures the “Big Five.” You can take the test here.

    • Openness to experience:  The degree of intellectual curiosity, creativity and a preference for novelty and variety a person has.
    • Conscientiousness: A tendency to be organized and dependable, show self-discipline, act dutifully, aim for achievement, and prefer planned rather than spontaneous behavior.
    • Extraversion: Energy, positive emotions, assertiveness, sociability and the tendency to seek stimulation in the company of others, and talkativeness.
    • Agreeableness: A tendency to be compassionate and cooperative rather than suspicious and antagonistic towards others; a measure of a trusting and helpful nature; whether a person is generally well-tempered or not.
    • Neuroticism: The tendency to experience unpleasant emotions easily, such as anger, anxiety, depression, and vulnerability. Neuroticism also refers to the degree of emotional stability and impulse control.

     

    The Enneagram divides people into nine categories. You can take a paid test here or a free one here.

    1. The Reformer
    2. The Helper
    3. The Achiever
    4. The Individualist
    5. The Investigator
    6. The Loyalist
    7. The Enthusiast
    8. The Challenger
    9. The Peacemaker

    If you want to take more personality quizzes, there’s a wide range on the Authentic Happiness website.

    Here, I wrote a post about ten books of personality quizzes that I’ve found interesting.

    As always, to take the Four Tendencies quiz, go here. Understanding whether you’re an Upholder, Questioner, Obliger, or Rebel is very useful. If you want to be notified when my book, The Four Tendencies comes out, sign up here. I describe my framework as my version of a Muggle Sorting Hat.

    We didn’t get a chance to talk about Myers-Briggs! Which is a very popular personality framework.

    Happiness Hack: This may be controversial: my hack is to include only one issue per email, with a clear subject line. While some people try to send fewer emails, by fitting more issues into a single email, I (for one) find this confusing and difficult to manage.

    Do you agree? Disagree?

    If you want to read about the research I mention, about the benefits of using “search” instead of sorting emails into folders: “Stop organizing your email into folders: searching your email is way faster (study).”

    Listener Question: Melanie and Rachel ask questions about book club behavior.

    Speaking of children’s literature, here’s my list of my 81 favorite works of children’s and young-adult literature.

    A lot of people read The Happiness Project in book groups of various kinds; if you’d like a discussion guide, look here.

    Demerit: Elizabeth continues to struggle with her eye ailment, blepharitis.

    Gold Star: I give a gold star to Eliza for getting me to do a better job of washing my face.

    flowercraftolsen

    Bonus Gold Star: Elizabeth’s young-adult romance Flower just hit the shelves. She and Shea Olsen have written a novel that combines love, temptation, secrets, ambition, celebrity, college applications…delicious.

    If you want easy instructions about how to rate or review the podcast, look here. Remember, it really helps us if you do rate or review the podcast — it helps other listeners discover us.

    Remember,  I’m doing weekly live videos on my Facebook Page to continue the conversation from the podcast — usually on Tuesdays at 3:00 pm ET. To join the conversation, check the schedule.

    As always, thanks to our terrific sponsors

    Check out Stamps.com. Want to avoid trips to the post office, and buy and print official U.S. postage for any letter or package, right from your own computer and printer? Visit Stamps.com to sign up for a 4-week trial, plus a $110 bonus offer — just enter the promo code HAPPIER.

    Also check out StitchFix, an online personal styling service with real stylists who handpick clothing for you — your taste, your schedule, your lifestyle, your budget. Sign up at StitchFix.com.

    Check out BlueApron.comWish you cooked more? Get all the delicious, fresh ingredients you need to make great meals, delivered to your front door. Check out BlueApron.com/happier to get your first three meals free.

    1pix

    1pix

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    We love hearing from listeners:

     

    To sign up for my free monthly newsletter, text me at 66866 and enter the word (surprise) “happier.“ Or click here.

    If you enjoyed the podcast, please tell your friends and give us a rating or review. Click here to tell your friends on Twitter.

    Listeners really respect the views of other listeners, so your response helps people find good material. (Not sure how to review? Instructions here; scroll to the bottom.)

    How to Subscribe

    If you’re like me (until recently) you’re intrigued by podcasts, but you don’t know how to listen or subscribe. It’s very easy, really. Really.  To listen to more than one episode, and to have it all in a handier way, on your phone or tablet, it’s better to subscribe. Really, it’s easy.

    Want to know what to expect from other episodes of the podcast, when you listen to the award-winning Happier with Gretchen Rubin?” We talk about how to build happier habits into everyday life, as we draw from cutting-edge science, ancient wisdom, lessons from pop culture—and our own experiences (and mistakes).  We’re sisters, so we don’t let each other get away with much.

    HAPPIER listening!

    The post Podcast 99: Take Personality Quizzes, Consider Your Email Habits, and Book Club Conflicts. appeared first on Gretchen Rubin.

     
  • feedwordpress 19:02:46 on 2016/02/20 Permalink
    Tags: , , , , , framework, , , personality, , , , , , , ,   

    Do You Love Personality Quizzes? These 10 Books Will Help You Understand Yourself. 


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    Books to help you know yourself

    They say there are two kinds of people in the world: people who want to divide the world into two kinds of people, and the kind of people who don’t.

    Well, I’m the kind who does. I love personality frameworks. I believe they can be a great tool for self-knowledge — they help shine a spotlight on patterns of behavior and thinking.

    That said, it’s important not to let categories become stifling; they’re not meant to box us in or limit our sense of possibility, but to point the way to helpful understanding or change.

    Of course, my favorite personality framework is the one I created, which divides people into Upholder, Questioner, Obliger, and Rebel. Learn more and take the Quiz here.

    Since Better Than Before hit the shelves, I’ve been thrilled to hear from readers and podcast listeners how much the Four Tendencies has helped them.

    If you love a good personality framework as much as I do, you may be interested in reading other systems:

    1. The Five Love Languages: How to Express Heartfelt Commitment to Your Mate by Gary Chapman.

    Argues that people speak different “love languages”: Words of Affirmation, Quality Time, Receiving Gifts, Acts of Service, and Physical Touch. I love this book. I’m “Words of Affirmation,” by the way. I still can’t figure out what my husband is! He is a man of mystery.

    2. Beyond Time-Out: From Chaos to Calm by Beth Grossman and Janet Burton.

    Argues that in families with an imbalance of family power, parents fall into four categories: Pleasers, Pushovers, Forcers, and Outliers.

    3. The Wisdom of the Enneagram by Don Richard Riso and Ross Hudson.

    Divides people into nine categories: Reformer, Helper, Achiever, Individualist, Investigator, Loyalist, Enthusiast, Challenger, and Peacemaker. I’ve heard that Hollywood writers use the Enneagram to help them create rich, believable characters.

    4. Why Him, Why Her? How to Find and Keep Lasting Love by Helen Fisher.

    Argues that people fall into four relationship types: Explorer, Building, Director, and Negotiator.

    5. Gifts Differing: Understanding Personality Type by Isabella Briggs Meyers.

    Based on the theories of Carl Jung, argues that people fall into sixteen types, in different combinations of four pairs: Extroversion or Introversion; Sensing or Intuition; Thinking or Feeling; Judgment or Perception. This super-popular framework is controversial, but many people swear by it.

    6. Please Understand Me by David Keirsey.

    Divides people into four temperament groups, with four sub-types per groups: Artisan (Promoter, Crafter, Performer, Composer), Guardian (Supervisor, Inspector, Provider, Protector), Rational (Fieldmarshal, Mastermind, Inventor, Architect), and Idealist (Teacher, Counselor, Champion, Healer).

    7. Now, Discover Your Strengths by Marcus Buckingham.

    Discusses the thirty-four “strengths” and helps readers identify and take advantage of their own strengths.

    8. Strengths Finder 2.0 by Tom Rath.

    Discusses the thirty-four “strengths” and helps readers identify and take advantage their individual own strengths.

    9. Better Than Before by Gretchen Rubin.

    Of course, I have to add my own book to the list! Find out if you’re an Upholder, Questioner, Obliger, or Rebel, and how you can put that knowledge to use as you work on your habits. Or, even more fun, how you can help other people work on their habits. The Four Tendencies are useful to understand in the context of habits — but also, in many other contexts as well. Right now, in fact, I’m working on a book that explores the Four Tendencies at length. If you want to be notified when it’s available, sign up here.

    People often ask me how the Four Tendencies framework correspond to other frameworks — for instance, how it matches up with Myers-Briggs. In my view, all these frameworks have their own nuances, which are lost if we try to map one framework onto another. So I don’t try to do that.

    10.The Happiness Project by Gretchen Rubin.

    Many people have also told me that my book, The Happiness Project was also a meaningful tool for self-knowledge as they embarked on their own Happiness Project. Especially the “Be Gretchen” idea from my personal commandments.

    Has one of these frameworks been very helpful to you? What frameworks have I overlooked?

     
  • feedwordpress 18:42:18 on 2016/01/05 Permalink
    Tags: , , , personality, , , , , ,   

    Want to Learn More about Yourself–and Instruct Me? Consider These Questions. 


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    questionmarkdeck

    I write a lot about my Four Tendencies framework — and Elizabeth and I have talked a lot about it on our podcast. To find out if you’re an Upholder, Questioner, Obliger, or Rebel, go here, or take the online Quiz here.

    I so appreciate all the readers and listeners who have shared their insights and experiences — it has given me such deeper insight into the Four Tendencies.

    I introduce the framework in my book Better Than Before, and ever since the book came out, I’ve been deluged with people wanting more information about the Four Tendencies, how they interact. “How do I manage my Rebel child?” “How do I hire only Obligers?” “How can Questioners avoid analysis paralysis?” “Can’t you give more ideas for how Rebels can change their habits?” are some of the questions I keep getting.

    So I’m working on a whole book on the Four Tendencies. With every book I write –I think, boy, it will never get better than this, I’ll never have this much fun writing a book again. And then I do. I never forget how lucky I am.

    As I’m writing, I’d love to learn more about what you think about the following issues (or anything else, really):

    • Can you think of any famous examples of the Four Tendencies? Either in real life (Andre Agassi is an Obliger) or fictional (Hermione Granger is an Upholder).
    • Obligers, I’d love to hear about your experiences with Obliger-rebellion. What triggered it — and I’m even more curious to hear — what stopped it or cured it? Or if you’re close to an Obliger (and all of us are, because it’s such a large group), how did you address Obliger-rebellion?
    • If you’re someone who’s in a long-term relationship with a Rebel (which means you’re very likely to be an Obliger), how does that work out? One particular question: Does it give you a feeling of greater control of how things are done, do you respond to that?
    • What do you like or dislike about your Tendency? What would be the motto for your Tendency?
    • Have you noticed that you get along better, or worse, with a particular Tendency, and if so, why?
    • If you use the Four Tendencies at work, I’d love to hear about that. If you use it as a doctor, in hiring, as a nutritionist, as a teacher, as a manager, etc. — tell me about that.
    • How do you think your Tendency suits you to your job — or not?
    • How does your Tendency influence your romantic relationships?
    • Finally — and this is a big one — I need help with the title. I want to call the book “The Four _____ Tendencies” or “The Four Tendencies of _____.” How would you fill in that blank? Ideally, it’s a word that’s concrete and colorful and adds a layer of meaning beyond “Tendency” really to explain what this framework is about. Similar to “The Five Love Languages.Abstract concepts or adjectives, like Personality, Fundamental, Responsive, Self-Knowledge are apt but, I suspect, not as compelling. Think away! GOLD STAR if you come up with something terrific.

     

    This is a lot of questions, I know, but I’m so curious.

    Thanks, as always, for sending my your observations. I’m endlessly fascinated by the Four Tendencies, and just can’t read and hear enough about how they play out in people’s lives. Henry James himself couldn’t invent these marvelous, precise, riveting examples.

    Let me know what you think, what you’ve noticed, what you’ve experienced.

     

     
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